schools and neighborhoods and policy and segregation: round up, april 2015

This is a round-up of articles that address the relationships between school socioeconomic and racial composition and academic achievement. Several of them also address the relationship between school composition, school attendance zones, and neighborhood demographics.  The original inspiration was an article about residential segregation in Iowa City, and their are some links that speak to that as well.  Right now its a mix of peer-reviewed academic work and popular sources that draw on this work.  I’ll try to organize it better when I have the chance.


The Academic Consequences of Desegregation and Segregation: Evidence From the Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools (Mickelson- Academic Paper) (race-based integration)

In Defense of Busing (Daniels- NY Times Magagzine, Charlotte-Mecklenburg) (race-based integration)

City Lines, County Lines, Color Lines: The Relationship between School and Housing Segregation in Four Southern Metro Areas

Milliken, Meredith, and Metropolitan Segregation: Orfield, UCLA Law Review

Housing Policy Is School Policy: Economically Integrative Housing Promotes Academic Success in Montgomery County, Maryland

Montgomery County Maryland (Washington Post)

Effect of School Population Socioeconomic Status on Individual Academic Achievement

Annotated Bibliography: The Impact of School-Based Poverty Concentration
on Academic Achievement & Student Outcomes

How the Socioeconomic Composition of Schools and Classrooms Contributes to Literacy, Behavioral Climate, Instructional Organization and High School Graduation Rates (Research Brief)

Closing the student achievement gap: The overlooked strategy of socioeconomic integration

The Cost Effectiveness of Socioeconomic Integration (Basile, book chapter).

Outside the Lines: The Case For Economic Integration in Urban School Districts (BYU Law Journal)

After Unitary Status: Examining Voluntary Integration Strategies for Southern School Districts (Holley-Walker, NC Law Review)


Socioeconomic School Integration Is a Worthy Goal, but Racial Segregation Presents Added Challenges

From All Walks of Life (Khalenberg)

Economic School Integration: An Update (Khalenberg, policy brief overview)

A New Wav of School Integration (TCF)

A Return to Neighborhood Schools, Concentrated Poverty, and Educational Opportunity: An Agenda For Reform (Macquillan and Englert, Hastings Constitutional Law Journal)


Boosting Achievement by Pursuing Diversity

Majority African American Schools and Social Injustice: The Influence of De Facto Segregation on Academic Achievement

Should the American Public Care if Schools are Racially and Socioeconomically Segregated? (Law Curriculum Unit)

Louisville: The City That Believed in Desegregation (The Atlantic)

Jonothan Kozol on Separate and Unequal Schools (Inside Higher Ed)

The Resegregation of American Schools: A Superintendent’s Struggle to Maintain Voluntary Desegregation in Louisville Against Political Pressure and an Unfavorable Supreme Court Decision (Berman, article in School Administrator, 2013)

Segregation Now …
Sixty years after Brown v. Board of Education, the schools in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, show how separate and unequal education is coming back. (The Atlantic)

The Widening Academic Achievement Gap Between the Rich and the Poor: New Evidence and Possible Explanations

Coming Full Circle: The Journey From Seperate But Equal to Separate and Unequal Schools (La Garda, Duke University Law Journal 2007)

Revisiting the Coleman Report (Education Next special issue)

The Coleman Report (original 1966 Document)

‘Forced Busing’ Didn’t Fail. Desegregation is the Best Way To Improve Our Public Schools (Theoharis Washington Post 2015)

Addressing the Status of School Desegregation Sixty Years After Brown (Frankenburg 2014 Michigan Law Review)

Iowa City Schools, Landscape, and Segregation:

“This Ain’t the Ghetto”: Diaspora, Discourse, and
Dealing with “Iowa Nice”

A community divided: Racial segregation on the rise in Iowa City

The report that Little Village story  is based on:

The report on fair housing across the whole state:

Also note that there isn’t a similar report for the municipalities that touch Iowa City and which are included in its school district.  But, you can use the racial dot map to focus in here and see that its a problem throughout the area. there’s no way to link to the dot map already focused in, so go here and then take it to the ICCSD area by hand:

Example Plans and District Reports
Integration Plan for St. Paul Public Schools 2013-2016

News Reports
Political Controversy in Wake County

Related and fascinating material from The Arsenal of Exclusion:

“Cities exist to bring people together, but cities can also keep people apart”


A of E: MLK on Busing

A of E: School Segregation on Nick News

A of E: School district



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